Brownson, Orestes (1803-1876): Orestes Brownson (1803-1876) was a 19th century societal intellectual in the united states

He defended Catholicism and its being compatible which have Western society, which had been controversial during the time, getting Catholics was in fact a little fraction that numerous Protestant Americans seen that have doubt. For lots more on the Orestes Brownson, just click here.

Buddha: They literally means individual that have “awakened,” getting enlightenment and you may escaping resurgence (get a hold of samsara). In addition, it ‘s the title made available to Siddhartha Gautama, this new maker of Buddhist faith (Esposito mais aussi al. 2012a: G-6).

Buddha-nature: The fresh new natural essence of the many sentient beings that enable all of them with the chance of Buddhahood. This is a prominent religion from inside the Chinese Buddhism (Smith and you can Environmentally friendly 1995: 129).

Buddhism: A scene faith oriented from the Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha on sixth otherwise 5th century BCE in the India. Teaching reincarnation and independence out-of worldly accessories, Buddhism have about three major twigs: Theravada, Mahayana and you may Vajrayana. Based on Buddhism, the origin away from suffering originates from ignorance, which you have to proceed with the Eightfold Road to arrived at nirvana. Buddhism earliest found The usa courtesy Chinese immigration (Prothero 2008: 205-206).

Bureaucracy: While the discussed because of the Maximum Weber (1946), bureaucratic expertise is listed by the a network regarding laws you to govern organizational behavior and procedures, and the exposure away from a proper-discussed ladder among ranking during the bureaucratic acquisition. Bureaucracy are a particularly of good use lens for knowledge business founding and you can emerging communities, because it provides a design having looking at new formalization procedure within this organizations. On the religious world, once the the fresh places of worship was already been, the newest denominations emerge in addition to parachurch markets keeps growing, bureaucracy is actually a means to research the brand new trajectory ones organizations as they make out of a concept so you’re able to a totally performing business (Weber 1946).

C ^

Caliph: A concept for the governmental chief of one’s Muslim community. Sunni Muslims accept that by far the most certified individual should be decided given that a great caliph, while Shi’ite Muslims believe that the newest caliph comes on the bloodline regarding Ali, Muhammad’s relative and you can child-in-laws (Esposito 2011: 43).

Calvinism: Called Reformed theology, Calvinism was a great Protestant theological society according to the work out-of John Calvin (1509-1564). Calvin experienced regarding natural sovereignty out of God therefore the full depravity of human beings. Calvinism comes with brand new doctrine off twice predestination: the belief that Jesus fated every peoples, before delivery, in order to sometimes heaven otherwise hell (Prothero 2008: 207).

Cane Ridge Go camping Appointment: Barton Brick arranged brand new Cane Ridge camp conference (1801), the most significant and more than popular spiritual restoration of your 2nd High Awakening. They occurred inside the Bourbon Condition, Kentucky, in which he invited Presbyterian, Baptist and you may Methodist preachers. For more information on Cane Ridge Go camping Conference, click on this link.

Canon Legislation: Church rules or decrees given by an enthusiastic ecclesiastical power to have ruling a given chapel. It includes this new personal debt of your clergy and you will laity, missionary issues, Catholic training, praise and also the sacraments (Reid et al. 1990: 219-220).

Cardinal: An excellent papal-appointed position throughout the Roman Catholic Church accountable for electing the newest popes. The expression in the first place applied to most of the clergy which have long lasting ranking. Already, there are more than simply 100 cardinals (Reid ainsi que al. 1990: 223).

Carroll, John (1735-1815): John Carroll offered as first Catholic bishop in the United States and you may aided expand brand new Catholic Church locally. For additional information on John Carroll, click on this link.

During the Roman Catholicism, you will find a track record of health-related selections going back the fresh new 11th century, nevertheless earliest password from cannon law is actually promulgated in the 1917, and you may was revised once or twice because its inception

Caste System: A complex community from interdependent, but really broke up, genetic, occupationally certified, and you will hierarchal social groups from inside the India. It is an original personal establishment during the Asia, guided by spiritual values in Hinduism, but transcending Hinduism in the same manner that non-Hindus are susceptible to the latest caste system. The structure of caste program shall be traced right back thousands off years. Certain students enjoys recently asked the fresh new focus of the caste system while the a decisive symbolization off Indian society and culture. Certain scholars also advise that the latest status experience a recently available advancement due to the fall off Hindu kings regarding the medieval months, otherwise on account of British colonial laws (Smith and Eco-friendly 1995: 182-185).

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